Studying to Learn — Phonics & Early Studying

Tonight I’m delighted to introduce you to Brooke Vitale, an creator, editor, and mother, who just lately based Cost Mommy Books to function playful books for brand new readers! She is sharing info right here for us about studying to learn! (You possibly can scroll to the top to be taught extra about her in her bio!)  

Brooke, take it away!

Studying to Learn

Studying to learn is not any simple job, and lately our youngsters are being taught at a youthful age than ever earlier than. So how can we get our youngsters able to learn and assist them alongside the best way? By understanding the science behind studying.

The science of studying is a research-based strategy to literacy that focuses on 5 components: phonemic consciousness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. For the youngest readers, two of those components are key: phonemic consciousness and phonics.

What Is Phonemic Consciousness?

The English language include 44 distinctive sounds, or phonemes. Phonemic consciousness is the flexibility to establish these letter sounds and mix them collectively to kind phrases. 

Phonemic consciousness doesn’t require that kids acknowledge letters in written kind. Slightly, it requires kids to acknowledge the sounds letters make. For instance, a toddler who shows phonemic consciousness may not know that the phrase CAT begins with the letter C. As a substitute, they’d acknowledge that it begins with the phoneme /ok/.

Phonemes don’t at all times have a direct visible correlation to the letters that characterize the sound. The letters PH, for instance, use the phoneme /f/, whereas the phoneme /s/ might be represented by both a C or an S. The grid under reveals all 44 phonemes, with examples.

Letter Recognition

Letter recognition is the flexibility to establish a letter that’s being proven or to select a selected letter from amongst a gaggle of different letters. As mother and father, it may be tempting to start by instructing capital letters. This is sensible as a result of they’re simpler to write down. The difficulty is, we write in a mixture of capital and lowercase letters. Which signifies that instructing solely capital letters leaves kids at a drawback. 

As a substitute, concentrate on studying capital and lowercase letters collectively. Educate your little ones not solely to acknowledge the letters, however {that a} letter makes the identical sound, no matter how it’s printed.

Phonics and early studying

Phonics is the connection between letters and sounds. 

As mother and father, we could also be tempted to toss all of the sounds a letter could make at a child without delay: “That is an A and it may well say ah or ay. We will spell it a, ay, ai, a-e, ei, eigh, or ey.”

However that a lot info will simply confuse children. Studying is a cumulative course of. It should be taken one step at a time, with every step constructing on the following. 

Under are the ten levels of phonics:

Stage 1: Consonant and quick vowel sounds

Start by instructing consonants and quick vowel sounds within the context of CVC phrases. CVC stands for consonant-vowel-consonant. These are phrases like rag, hen, fib, however, and cub. Through the use of CVC phrases, children don’t have to fret about mixing a number of consonants. As a substitute, they will concentrate on particular person phonemes and the quick vowel sound in every phrase. And since quick vowel sounds are constant, children can extra simply be taught to acknowledge and grasp them.

When specializing in quick vowel sounds, encourage your reader to sound out a number of phrases in a row utilizing the identical vowel. This repetition is vital to studying a sound. As soon as your reader has mastered one quick vowel sound, then it’s time to maneuver on to the following.

For a whole checklist of quick vowel phrase lists, phrase households, and actions just like the one under, head on over to Cost Mommy Books for articles similar to What’s the Brief I Sound

Stage 2: Consonant blends

As soon as your baby has mastered quick vowel sounds, it’s time to begin mixing consonants. It is a bit more durable as children want to listen to extra sounds collectively. Some consonant blends embrace gr, bl, and tr.

Stage 3: Double letters and digraphs

Digraphs are two letters collectively that make one sound, similar to ck, ph, and ng. Double letters seem in phrases similar to off, buzz, and pull.

Stage 4: CVCe phrases

Lengthy vowel sounds might be difficult. Keep in mind that checklist of sounds for A above? Seven of these eight spellings make the identical lengthy A sound. Which signifies that instructing lengthy vowels is a course of. 

Begin with CVCe phrases similar to cake, rice, and dice.

Stage 5: Phrase ending spelling patterns

Some phrases finish oddly, and studying to acknowledge these spelling patterns may also help children advance their studying. Well-liked spelling patterns to show embrace -tch, -dge, -all, -oll, -ull, -le and -y.

Stage 6: R-controlled vowels

Phrases like for and automotive seem to be they need to use quick vowels, however they don’t. The R controls the sounds, altering it to one thing else. R-controlled vowels embrace: ar, or, ore, er, ir, and ur.

Stage 7: Vowel groups (lengthy vowels)

Vowel groups are two vowels that work collectively to kind a brand new sound. They embrace ai, ay, ee, ea (as in bead), oa, ow (as in row), ie, and igh.

Stage 8: Different vowel groups

These embrace oo (as in quickly), oo (as in ebook), ew, ui, ue, au, aw, augh, ea (as in head), and ea (as in break).

Stage 9: Dipthongs

A dipthong is a sound shaped when two vowel sounds seem in a single syllable, as within the letters oi, oy, ou, and ow (as in cow).

Stage 10: Silent letters

Typically letters don’t make any sound in any respect. These embrace: kn, wr, gn, gh, mb, and silent t (as in pay attention).

As your children work by every new sound, you’ll discover that the outdated sounds they mastered come an increasing number of simply till they’re studying to learn phrases they by no means thought they might! And if you’re prepared, don’t overlook to take a look at our new Brief Vowel sound decodable readers!

Concerning the creator

Brooke Vitale is a kids’s ebook editor, creator, and proud founding father of Cost Mommy Books (, an unbiased writer of playful, high-quality tales that kids can actually get pleasure from. She has written over 100 books, together with The Magic Is in You, The Mandalorian: A Clan of Two, Goonies: An Illustrated Traditional, and her new Cost Into Studying Early Reader sequence, that includes the extent 1 early readers Caught Duck, Bug Hunt, Find out how to Decide a Pet, and I Am Not a Rooster, in addition to her upcoming line of quick vowel sound decodable readers. Brooke spent greater than fifteen years as an editor at outstanding publishing firms, together with Penguin Books for Younger Readers and Disney Publishing. She now runs, a web site devoted to serving to aspiring authors navigate the publishing and self-publishing trade. Brooke might be discovered on Fb @BrookeVitaleBooks and @ChargeMommyBooks, and on Instagram @brooke.vitale and @chargemommybooks.

Thanks Brooke! That is improbable details about studying to learn! In case you’re searching for extra suggestions, click on right here for a complete sequence about methods to train studying!
Blissful Educating,


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