The Distinction Between Constructivism And Constructionism –

The Distinction Between Constructivism And Constructionism

by Terry Heick

Whereas engaged on the studying principle visible overview, I spotted I couldn’t clearly clarify the distinction between constructivism and constructionism.

So I did a little analysis and initially didn’t discover a lot to ease my confusion.

The Distinction Between Constructivism And Constructionism

Constructivism is–roughly–the identical factor. So what’s the distinction between constructivism and constructivism?

Definition of Constructivism

Constructivism is an academic principle through which learners actively assemble their very own understanding and data via experiences and reflection on these experiences. It emphasizes the significance of learners’ prior data, social interactions, and contextual studying to construct new understanding.

Definition of Constructionism

Constructionism extends constructivist concepts by emphasizing studying via creating tangible artifacts, comparable to fashions or tasks. It promotes the concept that learners assemble data most successfully when they’re actively concerned in making one thing that’s personally significant.

Edith Ackerman, a “Swiss-born American psychologist who explored the interactions between developmental psychology, play, studying and design. A graduate of the College of Geneva, she held everlasting or visiting positions at a number of establishments in america and Europe, together with the MIT Media Lab,” defined…

“What’s the distinction between Piaget’s constructivism and Papert’s “constructionism”? Past the mere play on the phrases, I feel the excellence holds, and that integrating each views can enrich our understanding of how folks be taught and develop. Piaget’s constructivism presents a window into what kids are desirous about, and capable of obtain, at completely different phases of their improvement. The speculation describes how kids’s methods of doing and considering evolve, and beneath which circumstance kids usually tend to let go of—or maintain onto— their at present held views.

Papert is desirous about how learners interact in a dialog with [their own or other people’s] artifacts…and the way these conversations facilitate the development of recent data.

Edith Ackerman, Psychologist

“Piaget means that kids have excellent causes to not abandon their worldviews simply because another person, be it an knowledgeable, tells them they’re unsuitable. Papert’s constructionism, in distinction, focuses extra on the artwork of studying, or ‘studying to be taught’, and on the importance of creating issues in studying. Papert is desirous about how learners interact in a dialog with [their own or other people’s] artifacts, and the way these conversations increase self-directed studying, finally facilitating the development of recent data. He stresses the significance of instruments, media, and context in human improvement. Integrating each views illuminates the processes by which people come to make sense of their expertise, regularly optimizing their interactions with the world.”

You possibly can learn the full pdf right here.


So What Is The Distinction Between Constructivism And Constructionism?


Principle Key Concept: How folks be taught by setting up their understanding and data of the world via expertise and reflection.

Influential Theorists: Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky

Key Components Of Constructivism

1. Lively Studying: Learners actively take part of their studying course of.

2. Information Building: Studying is about setting up data slightly than simply absorbing data.

3. Prior Information: Learners construct new data primarily based on current data.

4. Social Interplay: Studying usually includes social interactions and collaboration.

5. Contextual Studying: Studying is contextual and situational.


Principle Ley Concept: This strategy extends constructivist concepts into studying by making, emphasizing the creation of tangible merchandise or artifacts.

Influential Theorist: Seymour Papert

Key Components of Constructionism

1. Studying by Making: Information building is only when learners are actively concerned in making one thing tangible.

2. Mission-Primarily based Studying: Emphasis on tasks that end in a tangible artifact or product.

3. Reflection and Iteration: Learners replicate on their creations and iterate on their designs.

4. Computational Considering: Typically includes integrating expertise and computational instruments.

5. Private Relevance: Tasks are pushed by learners’ pursuits and private relevance.


Constructivism: Focuses on the person’s means of setting up data via experiences and reflection.

Constructionism: Emphasizes studying by creating tangible artifacts, incorporating expertise and private pursuits.

Similarities Between Constructivism and Constructionism

Similar: Lively studying and the significance of prior data

Examples Of Constructivism

Instance 1: Studying in a Classroom

Situation: A science class is studying about ecosystems.

Exercise: The instructor units up stations with numerous ecosystems (pond, forest, desert) and gives supplies comparable to photos, plant samples, and soil varieties.

Constructivist Method: College students rotate via the stations, observe the supplies, and focus on what they discover about every ecosystem in small teams. They then create an idea map displaying how completely different ecosystem components work together.

Final result: By means of energetic engagement and dialogue, college students assemble an understanding of ecosystems by connecting new data with their prior data.

Instance 2: Baby Studying

Situation: A toddler is studying about fractions.

Exercise: The kid is given a set of fraction tiles and a recipe to be halved.

Constructivist Method: The kid makes use of the fraction tiles to visually and bodily manipulate the components of the recipe, experimenting with completely different combos to grasp how fractions work.

Final result: By means of hands-on expertise, the kid understands fractional relationships by actively participating with the supplies and making use of fractions to a real-world situation.

Examples of Constructionism

Instance 1: Studying in a Classroom

Situation: A center faculty expertise class is studying about coding.

Exercise: The instructor assigns a challenge the place college students create their very own online game utilizing a programming platform like Scratch.

Constructionist Method: College students brainstorm recreation concepts, write the code, design characters, and construct the sport. They take a look at their video games, get suggestions from friends, and make revisions.

Final result: By means of making a tangible product (a online game), college students deepen their understanding of coding ideas, logic, and problem-solving.

Instance 2: Baby Studying a few science subject

Situation: A toddler is desirous about studying about electrical energy

Exercise: The kid is given a easy electronics equipment with wires, a battery, and a lightweight bulb.

Constructionist Method: The kid is requested to construct a primary circuit, experimenting with completely different connections to see what makes the sunshine bulb activate. They could additionally strive including a swap or a number of bulbs.

Final result: By setting up a working circuit, the kid learns concerning the rules of electrical energy, circuits, and conductivity via hands-on creation and experimentation.

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