Utilizing Substitution in IELTS to Enhance Writing Coherency

This lesson exhibits you ways you need to use substitution in IELTS to extend your band rating. 

For those who have a look at the IELTS band descriptors, you may see that substitution is referred to at band 6 and seven for coherency and cohesion in Process 1 and a pair of:

  • Band 7: A spread of cohesive gadgets together with reference and substitution is used flexibly however with some inaccuracies or some over/beneath use.
  • Band 6: Using reference and substitution might lack flexibility or readability and end in some repetition or errors.

So you’ll be able to see that it is essential in relation to your writing and your ultimate rating.

What’s Substitution?

Substitution in English grammar is when a phrase, phrase, or clause in a sentence is changed by a special phrase or phrase with a purpose to keep away from repeating the beforehand used phrase. 

You should use this technique to enhance the cohesion in addition to the high quality of your writing.

By substituting a special phrase or phrase for one thing written earlier, you might be summarising the earlier textual content, and as a consequence, you might be linking the concepts in numerous clauses or sentences. 

Moreover, utilizing substitution in IELTS lets you keep away from repetition and likewise stops you from relying an excessive amount of on conjunctions (e.g. whereas, though, and, so and so on) and transitions (e.g. nonetheless, firstly, subsequently and so on) to make connections. 

So general, the usage of substitution in IELTS will enhance the standard of your writing considerably. 

Examples of Substitution

To elucidate additional how they can be utilized, listed below are some examples. 

Instance 1:

Mother and father ought to get punished with excessive fines if their kids are concerned in anti-social behaviour at night time. Introducing such a measure would guarantee mother and father management their kids.

Instance 2:

Unemployment and poverty are reaching document ranges because of the lockdown, info that may not be ignored by governments who proceed to make use of them as a software towards Covid 19.

In Each of those examples, the phrases in purple refer again to the knowledge within the earlier sentence or clause of the identical sentence.

They assist to hyperlink the knowledge collectively within the sentences and categorical concepts whereas avoiding repetition. 

You may see extra examples of substitution right here.


The substitution quiz beneath will assist to point out you ways differing phrases can be utilized to exchange phrases, phrases or clauses used beforehand. 

Lookup in a dictionary any phrases you don’t perceive. 


Select the fitting phrase that would slot in the area. Some phrases which will seem to suit might not do as they don’t work grammatically or are incorrect collocations.

Extra Process 2 IELTS Classes:


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